How stem cells treat diabetes is definitely an ever on-going subject for scientific research and shows great promise.
How stem cells treat diabetes is an ever recurring subject matter for medical research and reveals great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is currently conducting clinical studies for a new surgery known as Islet Cell Transplantation.
The modern procedure entails transplanting islet cells coming from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are classified as the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The procedure is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells have already been destroyed therefore no insulin is manufactured. These patients have to be on insulin therapy throughout their lives. Because the cells are transplanted into the liver, the body right after the first transplant will give indicators when the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics haven’t any warning and frequently just black out which can be dangerous when driving or executing other critical tasks diabetes for life.
Islet cell transplantation can’t treat many instances of Type 2 diabetes but is a possible cure for the over 700,000 people in the United States that have Type 1 diabetes. But, currently there aren’t sufficient donors to go around with only around 3,500 donor organs readily available this past year. Most patients at present need 2 transplantations to get totally off insulin therapy.
The solution to this problem is to make islets in the lab using stems cells. There is currently research taking place using controversial embryonic stem cells and also stem cells extracted from adults. But as a result of ethical and also political debate with regards to stem cells this route to a cure is moving slowly. People who believe life starts at conception strongly fight embryonic stem cell research because the cells originate from human embryos which are destroyed in the act. Embryonic stem cells have not grown up into human cells and have the greatest possibility to become any kind of cells in the human body, such as hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.
Opponents to this research think that adult stem cells taken from adult bone marrow is the solution to this matter. But there are studies which raise queries about the ability of these cells as treatments.
A recent published study described that an intestinal hormone brought on stem cells extracted from a pancreas to become islet cells that produce insulin – these are called beta cells, but there is debate over these studies and it has not had the opportunity to be duplicated.
Although the research utilizing stem cells is in its infant stages lots of scientists believe that this research supports the most promise for achievement for diabetics in order to quit taking insulin injection after their bodies begin producing the hormone the natural way symptoms of diabetes.
How stem cells treat diabetes is usually an ever ongoing subject matter for medical research and shows great promise in the struggle to discover a remedy for this long-term disease.