How stem cells treat diabetes is definitely an ever ongoing subject for medical research and shows great promise.
How stem cells treat diabetes is usually an ever ongoing subject for medical research and indicates great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is now doing clinical studies for a new surgery referred to as Islet Cell Transplantation.
The modern procedure entails transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The procedure is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells have been destroyed therefore no insulin is produced. These patients must be on insulin therapy for the remainder of their lives. Because the cells are transplanted into the liver, the body after the first transplant can provide signs if the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics don’t have any warning and often just blackout which is often dangerous when traveling or carrying out other crucial tasks diabetics.
Islet cell transplantation cannot treat most cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a possible remedy for the over 700,000 people in the United States who have Type 1 diabetes. But, at present there aren’t sufficient donors to serve with only about 3,500 donor organs available a year ago. Most patients presently need 2 transplantations to get totally off insulin therapy.
The answer to this problem is to create islets in the lab utilizing stems cells. There is at present research going on using debatable embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells extracted from adults. But as a result of ethical and also political debate concerning stem cells this route to a cure is moving slowly. People who feel that life begins at conception strongly battle embryonic stem cell research because the cells come from human embryos that are destroyed in the process. Embryonic stem cells have not grown up into human cells and possess the greatest potential to become any kind of cells in the human body, including hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.
Opponents to this research feel that adult stem cells taken from adult bone marrow is the solution to this problem. But you can find studies which raise questions regarding the ability of these cells as treatments.
A recently available published study reported that an intestinal hormone caused stem cells obtained from a pancreas to be islet cells that secrete insulin – these are called beta cells, but there is debate over this research and it has not been able to be duplicated.
Although the research making use of stem cells is in its baby stages a lot of scientists feel that this study holds the most promise for fulfillment for diabetics to be able to quit taking insulin injection immediately after their bodies start generating the hormone the natural way diabetic.
How stem cells treat diabetes is usually an ever on-going subject matter for medical research and shows great promise in the battle to find a remedy for this serious disease.