Current stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes treatment is definitely an ongoing project and it is exhibiting great promise.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is surely an ongoing project which is exhibiting me diabetes help excellent promise. The University of Pennsylvania currently is conducting clinical trials for a new surgery referred to as Islet Cell Transplantation.

The new procedure consists of transplanting islet cells coming from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are definitely the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The procedure is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells are already destroyed and thus no insulin is manufactured. These patients need to be on insulin therapy for the rest of their lives. Considering that the cells are transplanted to the liver, the body after the first transplant can provide warning signs if the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics haven’t any warning and often just black out that may be hazardous when driving or performing other critical tasks.

Islet cell transplantation can not treat many cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a probable cure for the over 700,000 people in the United States who have Type 1 diabetes. But, currently there are not adequate donors to go around with simply approximately 3,500 donor organs available a year ago. Most patients presently need 2 transplantations to get absolutely off insulin therapy.

The solution to this issue would be to make islets within the lab using stems cells. There is currently research happening using controversial embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells extracted from adults. But due to the ethical and political debate with regards to stem cells this pathway into a cure is moving slowly and gradually. People who believe that life starts at conception highly oppose embryonic stem cell research because the cells originate from human embryos which are destroyed along the way. Embryonic stem cells haven’t matured into human cells and have the greatest potential to turn into any type of cells within the human body, such as hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.

Opponents for this research feel that adult stem cells extracted from adult bone marrow is the solution to this challenge. But you’ll find studies which raise questions regarding the capability of these cells as therapies.A current published study noted that an intestinal hormone brought on stem cells extracted from a pancreas to be islet cells that secrete insulin – these are called beta cells, there is however debate over this research and it has not had the capacity to be reproduced.

Although the research using stem cells is in its infant stages quite a few scientists feel that this research holds the most promise for success for diabetics to be able to stop taking insulin injection after their bodies start creating the hormone normally.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is definitely an ongoing project and is displaying great promise in the battle to look for a remedy for this long-term disease.